Generally speaking, the washer refers to the part that is cushioned between the connected part and the nut. It is usually a flat metal ring, in order to protect the surface of the connected parts from being scratched by the nut, disperse the pressure generated by the nut on the connected parts. Washers are divided into: flat washer-C, large washer-A and C, extra large washer-C, small washer-A, flat washer-A, flat washer-chamfer-A, steel structure high Strength washer, spherical washer, cone washer, square bevel washer for I-beam, square bevel washer for channel steel, standard spring washer, light spring washer, heavy spring washer, internal tooth lock washer, internal serrated lock washer, External tooth lock washer, external tooth lock washer, single ear stop washer, double ear stop washer, outer tongue stop washer, stop washer for round nut. Spring washers are often called spring washers in the screw industry. Its materials are stainless steel and carbon steel, and carbon steel is also iron. The commonly used spring washers are M3, M4, M5, M6, M8, M10, M12, M14, M16. These specifications are more commonly used. The national standard for spring washers is GB/T 94.1-87, which specifies standard spring washers with a size of 2-48mm. Citing standard GB94.4-85 'Technical Conditions for Elastic Washers - Spring Washers'